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NATIONAL ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL ENUGU
Essential drug list

 
ESSENTIAL DRUGS LIST

1.         ANAESTHETICS

1.1       General anaesthetics and Oxygen
Halothane                 -   Inhalation, liquid in bottle of 250ml
Ketamine                  -    Injection, 10mg/ml (hydrochloride) in 20ml vial.
Oxygen                    -   Inhalation, medicinal gas
Thiopental                -   Powder for IV injection (sodium salt), 1.0g,
Propofol (1%)                      -   I/V injection 0f 20ml

1.2       Premedication Drugs and Analgesic Adjuvants
Atropine                   -    Injection (sulphate) 1mg in 1 ml ampoule
Diazepam                 -    Injection, 5mg/ml in 2ml ampoules
Morphine                  -    Injection (sulphate or hydrochloride) 10mg, 15mg in 1 ml                                                     ampoule.
Promethazine          -    Injection in 2ml ampoule

1.3       Skeletal Muscle Relaxants and Antagonists
Neostigmine             -    Injection, (methylsulphate)  2.5mg/ml in 1ml ampoule.
Pancuronium            -    Injection, (bromide), 2mg/ml in 2 ml ampoule.
Suxamethonium       -    Injection, (chloride) 50mg/ml in  2ml ampoule
Atracurium               -    Injection 10mg/ml in 2.5ml ampoule.
Tizanidine                -    Tab 2mg, 4mg

1.4      Local Anaesthetics
Bupivacaine             -    Injection (hydrochloride) 0.5%, 5mg/ml in 4ml ampoule.
Lidocaine                 -    Injection (hydrochloride) 1% in vial
-    Injection, 5% for spinal anaesthesia
Lidocaine plus         -    1%, 2% plus epinephrine (adrenaline)
Epinephrine             -    Injection 1mg in 1ml ampoule (1:1000)
[Adrenaline]


1.5       Hypnotic/sedative
            Diazepam                -       Tab 5mg                 
Bromazepam            -      Tab 1.5mg, 3mg

 

2.0       ANALGESICS, ANTIPYRETICS AND NON-STEROIDAL ANTI-   INFLAMMATORY DRUGS

2.1       Narcotic analgesics
Fentanyl                   -     Injection (citrate) 0.05mg/ml in 1 ml ampoule
Dihydrocodeine       -     (DF118) Tablets.
Morphine                  -     Injection (sulphate or hydrochloride) 10mg, 15mg in 1 ml                                                    ampoule
Pentazocine              -     Injection (lactate), 30mg in 1 ml ampoule
Pethidine                  -     Injection (hydrochloride) 50mg/ml,100mg/2ml
Tramadol                  -     Injection 100mg/2ml, Capsule 50mg.

2.2      Narcotic Antagonist
Naloxone                    -    Injection (hydrochloride), 0.4 mg in 1m/ampoule.

2.3       Non-narcotic analgesics and antipyretics   
Paracetamol                 -   Tablet 500 mg, Injection 150 mg/ml

2.4       Non-sterodial Anti-inflammatory Drugs
Diclofenac Sodium      -   Tablet 50mg, 100mg, 75mg
Diclofenac Potassium  -   Tablet 50mg
Ibuprofen                     -   Tablet 200mg, 400mg, syrup, gel
Piroxicam                     -   Capsule 20mg
-   Injection 20mg/ml
-   Gel. Tubes
Aceclofenac                -   Tab 100mg
Diclofenac/Misopristol -   Tab 140mg/0.2mg
Diclofenac/Cholestyramine  -  Cap 140mg complex (equivalent to Diclofenac Sodium 75mg)
Ketoprofen                  -           Tab/Cap 200mg
Bromelain + Trypsin    -  Tab 40mg/1mg
Celecoxib                     -    Cap 200mg
Glucosamine/Chondroitin – Tab.
Pregabalin                  -    Cap.75mg
3.0   SKELETAL MUSCLE ANTI-SPASMODICS
Methocarbamol              -    Tablet 500mg, 750mg
Orphenadrine                 -    Tablet 35mg

4.0   ANTI.ALLERGICS
4.1    Anti-histamines
Chlorpheniramine         - Tablet 4mg

  • Expectorant

        Promethazine                - Tablet 25mg,
- Syrup for children 5mg/ml
-  Injection 25mg/ml in 2ml ampoule
4.2    Anti - anaphylactics
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) - Injection 1mg/ml (1 in 1000) in 1ml ampoule.
Hydrocortisone                -  Injection powder, 100mg in vial


5.0    ANTI-INFECTIVE DRUGS
5.1    Amoebicides
Metronidazole             -   Tablet 200mg, 400mg
-    Injection 500mg/100ml for iv infusion
Tinidazole                   -     Injection 400mg; Tablet 500mg
Fluconazole                 -    Tab 50mg, 150mg
Griseofulvin         -  Tablet 500mg

 

5.2    Anthelmintics
Albendazole                 -   Tablet 400mg

5.3    Anti-malarials
         Amodiaquine                -    Tab 200mg

Dihydroartemisinin       -   Tab 60mg
Artesunate/Amodiaquine  -   Tab Artesunate 50mg
-    Amodiaquine (hydrochloride)  base  153.1mg
Artemether                     -    Injection Artemether 80mg
Sulphadoxine/
Pyrimethamine              - Tablet Sulphadoxine B.P 500mg plus Pyrimethamine B.P 25mg
Artemether/Lumefantrine -   Tablet Artemether 20mg. Lumefantrine 120mg.
Quinine                         -    Tablet (bisulfate or sulfate).  300mg
-    Injection (dihydrochloride) 300mg/ml in 2ml ampoule.

5.4   ANTI-BACTERIAL DRUGS
Ampicilin Plus
Cloxacillin                    -   capsule 250mg of each.
-    Powder for oral suspensions 125mg of each/5ml.
-    Injection, powder (sodium salt). 250mg of each in vial.

Amoxicillin/Clavulanic
Acid- (Co-amoxiclav) -   Tablet Amoxicillin (trihydrate) 250mg plus clavulanic acid                                         (potassium salt) 125mg. 
Tablet Amoxicillin 500mg plus    Clavulanic 125mg.
-    Injection powder for IV injection, Amoxicillin 500mg plus                                          Clavulanic acid 100mg/vial.
-    Amoxicillin 1g plus Clavulanic acid 200mg/vial.

Ceftazidime                  -   Injection powder 1g vial.

Ceftriaxone                   -   Injection, powder 1g.

Gentamicin                    -   Injection 80mg

Cefuroxime                  -   Tab 250mg, 500mg
Syrup 125mg
Ofloxacin                       -   Tablet 200mg, 400mg

Pefloxacin                      -   Tablet 400mg

Ciprofloxacin                 -   Tablet 500mg (hydrochloride)
-   Injection, (lactate) IV 2mg/ml in 100ml   vial.

 Nitrofurantoin               -   Tablet 100mg
Nalidixic Acid              -    Tablet 500mg
Clindamycin           -        Capsule 150mg, 300mg
-        Injection 300mg

        Erythromycin                  -        Tablet 250mg, 500mg
Imipenem                -        Inj. 250mg, 500mg
Meropenem            -        Inj. 500mg, 1g

5.5     ANTI-BACTERIAL MOUTHWASH
Oraldene               -        mouthwash

6.0    ANTISEPTICS AND DISINFECTANTS
Cetrimide/Chlorhexidine -   Solution cetrimide 15% plus chlorhexidine (gluconate) 1.5%                                                for dilution.
Chlorhexidine                  -    Solution (gluconate) 5% for   dilution.
Povidone iodine               -    Solution 10%
Methylated spirit             -    Solution
Hydrogen peroxide          -    Solution
Eusol                                -    A & B solution.
Acryflavin                        -    Powder for formulation
Isol                                   -    Solution
Izal                                   -    Solution   

7.0    DRUGS AFFECTING THE BLOOD:

7.1    Anti-Anaemic Drugs
Ferrous Fumarate            -    Capsule, in compound preparation
Ferrous Sulphate             -    Tablet, 200mg
Folic acid                        -    Tablet 5mg

7.2    Anti-Coagulants and Anti Platelets
Aspirin                            -    Tablet 75mg.
Enoxaparin                  -    Injection, 20mg/0.4ml,40mg/ 0.4ml.
8.0    CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS

8.1    Anti Hypertensive Drugs
Amiloride/
Hydrochlorthiazide       -     Tablet amiloride 2.5mg plus hydrochlorothiazide 25mg.
Lisinopril                        -    Tablet 5mg, 10mg
Nifedipine                      -    Tablet (slow release) 20mg
Hydrochlorthiazide        -    Tablet 25mg.
Methyl Dopa                  -    Tablet 250mg
Amlodipine                    -    Tablet 5mg, 10mg

9.0   VITAMINS AND MINERALS
Ascorbic acid                -    Tablet 100mg, 500mg
Pyridoxine                     -    Tablet 50mg
Vitamin B complex        -    Tablet, Injection
Vitamin B complex fortified   -   Tablet, Injection
Vitamin A                       -    Capsule 10000 iu, 20000 iu.
Vitamin E                        -    Capsule 1000 i.u
Calcium lactate               -    Tablet 300mg
Calcium gluconate          -    Injection
Cod liver oil                    -    Capsules
High potency multivitamin
Preparations                     -    Capsule.

10.0  HORMONES AND SYNTHETIC SUBSTITUTES

10.1   Corticosteroids and Synthetic Substitutes
Dexamethasone              -    Injection 4mg/ml
Hydrocortisone              -    Injection powder, 100mg/vial
Prednisolone
(Methylprednisolone)    -    Tablet 5mg, 1mg.
Triamcinolone                -    Injection (acetonide) 40mg/ml

10.2 ANTI-DIABETIC DRUGS

10.21Insulins
Insulin (Human monocomponent)  -  Injection 100  units/ml
Insulin (Human monocomponent)  -  Injection 40 units/ml

10.22 ORAL  ANTIDIABETIC DRUGS
Glibenclamide           -    Tablet 5mg
Metformin                 -    Tablet 500mg (hydrochloride)

11.0  GASTRO INTESTINAL DRUGS

11.1  Antacids
Aluminium hydroxide/
Magnesium Trisilicate    -  Tablet, suspension

11.2  Antispasmodic Drugs
Hyoscine N - butylbromide -  Tablet 10mg

11.3  Peptic Ulcer Drugs
Ranitidine                   -    Tablet 150mg, 300mg
-    Injection 25mg/ml in 2ml ampoule. 
Omeprazole                 -    Capsule 10mg, 20mg.

11.4  Anti diarrheal drugs
         Loperamide                -    Capsule 2mg

12.0    PREPARATIONS FOR CORRECTING WATER, ELECTROLYTE AND ACID-              BASE DISTURBANCES.
Dextrose                      -    Infusion 5%, 50%  
Dextrose in saline       -    Infusion 5% plus 0.9% respectively.
-    Infusion 4.3% plus 0.18% respectively
Sodium chloride         -    Infusion 0.9%
Mannitol                      -    Infusion 10%, 20%.
Ringers solution          -    Infusion B.P
Darrows solution         -    Infusion ½ and full strenght
Sodium Bicaronate     -    Injection 8.4% w/v/10ml
Water for injection      -    5ml, 10ml.
13.0    RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DRUGS

13.1    Anti - Asthmatics
Aminophylline          -    Injection 25mg/ml
Salbutamol                 -    Tablet 4mg

13.2    Anti - Tussives
Chlorphenamine-based
expectorants               -    Syrups
Bromhexine                -    Tablet, syrup.

14.0    IMMUNOLOGICALS
Tetanus vaccine           -    Injection, toxiod 0.5ml ampoule
15.0    SURGICALS
Urinary Catheters/bags   -
Nasal Prongs                -
IV Cannula                  -    Sizes 16, 18, 20, 22, 24
Infusion Giving sets     -
Blood giving sets         -
Crepe Bandage                         -    Sizes 4”, 6”
Syringes with Needles
(Retractable)               -    1ml, 3ml, 5ml, 10ml, 20ml
Casts                            -    Sizes  3”, 4”, 5”, 6”
Veilbands                      -    Sizes 4”, 6”
Skin Traction Kit         -    Adult and Paediatric
Latex gloves                  -
Chest tubes                   -
Endotracheal tubes       -
Oropharyngeal airways -
Nasogastric tubes          -
Spinal needles              -
Surgical gloves              -    sizes 7½, 8
K-Y jelly                      -

16.0    DERMATOLOGICAL PREPARATION
Silver Sulphadiazine     -     Cream 1%
Sufratulle/Bactigras      -     Guaze dressing, 10cm, 40cm
Methyl Salicylate          -     Ointment, gel
Povidone Iodine            -     Ointment, lotion.  
Gentamicin                   -      Ointment
Clotrimazole                 -      1% cream
Hand Sanitizer            -      500ml
Hydrogel dressing       -      7.5cm x 15cm; 7.5cm x 7.5cm
Nanocrystalline silver  -     40cm x 40cm; 10cm x 10cm